When Extortion becomes Robbery
If at the time of committing the offence of extortion, the offender who is in the near presence of the person, puts the person in fear of instant death, instant wrongful restraint or instant hurt to that person or some other person and as a result of this, induces the person who is put in fear, to deliver the thing that is being extorted right then and there, this amounts to robbery.
The following conditions need to be fulfilled:
1) Fear of instant death, instant wrongful restraint or instant hurt
2) Offender puts the person under such fear so as to deliver the property at that very moment
3) Offender is in close physical proximity of such person put in fear at the time of extortion
For example: A meets B and B's wife at an isolated spot. A pulls B's wife close and places a dagger to her throat and threatens to slit her throat unless B delivers the gold ornaments he is wearing and the wallet he is carrying. B, in consequence, delivers the said items.
Here, A has extorted the items by causing B to be in fear of instant hurt to B's wife. A has robbed B.