If staff members in nursing homes and facilities for people with dementia take the time to cultivate an atmosphere of compassion, the lives of those under their care can be made considerably more manageable.
Those who are in charge of providing care for the elderly have a number of responsibilities, one of which is to create an environment that is appropriate for the elderly and meets the requirements that they have. If the environment in which dementia patients live is designed with the appropriate color scheme and layout, the quality of life these patients are able to enjoy can significantly improve. The following is some information that you can use to assist you in planning the layout of your nursing home so that it is conducive to the needs of residents who suffer from dementia.
Color has the potential to influence people in two distinct ways: physically and psychologically. As a result of it, people may become more sociable with one another, they may eat more as a result of it, and it may even help people navigate their environment more easily. When it comes to putting together an inviting and energizing ambiance, one of the most important elements is the employment of vivid colors.
There is a possibility that as we age, our vision will deteriorate as a result of the changes that take place in the lens of the eye. Vision problems are a common complication of dementia, and people who suffer from it frequently struggle with these problems. Some of these problems can be illustrated by the following examples:
a distorted perception of the depth that is present
alterations made to one's perception of the colors present
Spatial disorientationa diminished ability to differentiate between similarities and differences
The Alzheimer's Society suggests that you minimize busy patterns on walls and raised floor panels and try to reduce any changes in floor patterns or surfaces. These recommendations can be found in their guidelines. It is possible for a person with Alzheimer's disease to view these sorts of changes as an impediment or a barrier.
One of the recommendations that can be found in the document entitled Sight, perception, and hallucinations in dementia factsheet states that making purposeful use of colors can be a big help for those who have dementia.
Eye conditions such as cataracts, macular degeneration, color blindness, and glaucoma are all examples of conditions that a patient may experience simultaneously with dementia. Vision problems, such as blurring and a loss of peripheral vision, are among the adverse effects that are considered to be among the most serious.
When deciding on color combinations, there are a few considerations that should be given priority, including the following:
The emotional reactions that people have to things that have happened in the past can be facilitated by the use of color.
It is possible that one's visibility will both increase and decrease as a result of it.
It is possible to improve one's ability to navigate, move around independently, and live independently by utilizing color contrast in conjunction with adequate lighting.
When there are an excessive number of colors available, it can be challenging to maintain focus.
Yellow, along with other bright colors like orange, are simple to pick out of a crowd.
Because people have varied preferences when it comes to color, it is essential that personal space be customized to the individual.
Contrast and compare the two.
It has been hypothesized that in order for older people to locate objects, they require approximately three times the amount of contrast that is required for younger people. It is suggested that you combine lighter colors with darker colors to create an interesting look. Red and blue are the colors that produce the most striking contrasts when used together.
One additional method of camouflage is to conceal an object by disguising it with color. Patients suffering from dementia are more likely to miss details that are in the background if those details are painted in colors that are the same as those in the foreground.
When we reach the age of 75, we begin to lose some of our ability to perceive light. As a result, we may require approximately twice as much light as the average person does. Daylight, which occurs naturally during the course of the day, provides the best possible quality of light. When it starts to get dark, you should make an effort to use lights that have a cozier, more comfortable atmosphere about them. If you use lampshades rather than harsh spotlights to illuminate the room, not only will office carpet tiles give the impression that the room is larger, but it will also make the atmosphere significantly more relaxing for those who are present.
The Alzheimer's Society recommends that caregivers make an effort to improve the lighting levels throughout the home. Citation needed Citation neededAccording to the society, doing so can aid in the reduction of visual difficulties and make a contribution toward the prevention of falls.
According to the findings of their study, some dementia patients avoid going near dark areas in corridors and rooms. As a result, they suggest that the lighting be evenly distributed throughout the home and that shadows be reduced to the greatest extent possible.
Because of the significant advancements that have been made in the fields of infection control and stain resistance carpeting, you ought to seriously consider installing this kind of flooring in the majority of the areas of your care home. One of the most significant benefits that this type of carpeting has to offer is the fact that it is warm and welcoming, and that it contributes to the creation of an environment that is evocative of a home. You'll have a better grip for walking, and in the event that you do end up falling, you'll have a softer landing spot to recover on. These are two additional benefits. People who use wheelchairs won't have any trouble maneuvering around on this type of flooring.